Strategies for Open and Permanent Access to Scientific Information in Latin America: Focus on Health and Environmental Information for Sustainable Development
SIAMAZONIA: A response to the challenge of managing and effectively using biodiversity information in the Peruvian Amazonia, Victor E. Miyakawa, Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana - IIAP, Peru
Presently, there are several decentralized systems that are directly or indirectly handling information about biodiversity. Most of this initiatives are global or regional (GBIF, Species 2000, Manis, IABIN, etc.), with national nodes or hubs which assemble and share information locally. However, national providers (nodes) not only share information to fulfill the common objectives outlined by the global / regional initiatives, but also have the need to fulfill national demands related to biodiversity information. In order to meet these challenging demands, local nodes need to understand and engage in processes that involve the implementation of strategies to the use of data for decision support systems and policy making processes.
Global strategies like GBIF have significantly helped not only to increase awareness about the importance of biodiversity information, but also with practical methodologies and tools necessary to handle, provide access and disseminate biological diversity information. However, due to the complexity and range of action of initiatives such as GBIF, among others, full use of this data in local environments is still a challenge. In Peru, more specific in the Peruvian Amazonian, (which comprises 69 % of the country) managing and using this information is a must.
SIAMAZONIA (www.siamazonia.org.pe), the Peruvian Amazonian Biodiversity Information System, emerges as a mechanism oriented to make full use of this type of information. Its impacts in Peru range from developing capacities in the biodiversity informatics fields to generate thematic systems that make use of the information managed by SIAMAZONIA. The implementation of this information system has increased confidence in sharing information thru a series of practical strategies and mechanisms, resulting in an increasing number of generators/custodians of biodiversity information which have fully accepted the challenge of managing, sharing and disseminate biodiversity information related to the Peruvian Amazonia.
- The Global Alliance for Enhancing Access to and Application of Scientific Data in Developing Countries, of the United Nations Global Alliance for ICT and Development, UN G@ID
- U.S. National Committee for CODATA
- Brazilian National Committee for CODATA.
- CODATA Task Group on Preservation of and Access to Scientific and Technical Data in Developing Countries